About Me

In writing the "About Me" portion of this blog I thought about the purpose of the blog - namely, preventing the growth of Socialism & stopping the Death Of Democracy in the American Republic & returning her to the "liberty to abundance" stage of our history. One word descriptions of people's philosophies or purposes are quite often inadequate. I feel that I am "liberal" meaning that I am broad minded, independent, generous, hospitable, & magnanimous. Under these terms "liberal" is a perfectly good word that has been corrupted over the years to mean the person is a left-winger or as Mark Levin more accurately wrote in his book "Liberty & Tyranny" a "statist" - someone looking for government or state control of society. I am certainly not that & have dedicated the blog to fighting this. I believe that I find what I am when I consider whether or not I am a "conservative" & specifically when I ask what is it that I am trying to conserve? It is the libertarian principles that America was founded upon & originally followed. That is the Return To Excellence that this blog is named for & is all about.

Sunday, April 11, 2021

Three Big Income Tax Surprises In Tax Year 2020

Most every income tax filing season has some surprises - but not many more than for those who worked remotely @ home in a different state than where their employer is located or for those who received unemployment insurance benefits caused by the government shutting down businesses under the pretense of concern for the Wuhan coronavirus.  There were also a few surprises for people scheduled to take RMDs from IRAs.

The IRS's decision to extend the filing deadline to May 17 gives affected people a few more weeks to cope with these surprises.

For states with an income tax people are usually taxed by the state where their employer's office or business is located & of course this is where they normally went to work every day before March 2020.  After working remotely from home for about ten months in 2020 a significant number of people are finding that more than one state is making income tax claims on their earnings.

Some remote workers have found they are taxed in the state where their employer is located unless the employer actually requires them to work remotely in another state.  If two or more states are involved the state income tax liability is never based on where it is convenient for the work to be performed.  Such affected workers may have to file two, or more, state income tax returns.

States like New York are very aggressive in claiming NY state income taxes are due for people working from home in another state but whose employer is located in New York.

The biggest surprises could come to people who found that working remotely was so convenient that they traveled to the homes of friends, family, or second homes in states other than where their principal residence (main home) is located to work.  Some states, such as Michigan, require someone who is not a resident to pay Michigan state income tax on the money they earned the first day the person starts working remotely in Michigan.  Some states subject all of your income to state income taxes regardless of where it was earned, leaving you to hope there is a reciprocal agreement between states (like PA & NJ) or that your state of principal residence is reasonable in recognizing taxes paid to other jurisdictions (i.e., income earned outside your principal residence state is subtracted so that such income is only taxed once @ each state level). 

This state income tax problem started when California recognized that professional athletes were easy high income targets who were good sources of extra income for the state.  A professional NBA basketball player living in Florida, a state with no state income tax, still pays state income tax in 18 other states that he plays basketball in.

There are 41 states that have state income taxes & more than 20 of them have a one day rule for owing state income taxes if someone travels there to work or works there remotely.  Technically, someone going to a trade show or one day seminar could be liable for state income tax in such a state.

There are 16 states that have agreements that make it easier for those who commute across state lines to come under the jurisdiction of the state in which they live.  

Six states tax someone working remotely based on where the employer's office is located if the remote work is not required by the employer @ a genuine work location.

Nine states have no state income tax - Alaska, Florida, New Hampshire, Nevada, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Washington, & Wyoming.

In balancing out any dual state income tax payments you should take into account the tax rates of both states.  For instance you could get a credit for taxes paid to a state other than your principal residence state.  If your principal residence state has a lower tax rate than the state you chose to work in you could get a tax surprise if you had figured it was convenient to work in the other state for part of the pandemic scarred year.

Remote workers should be better prepared after this income tax filing season.  Being proactive in understanding your state income tax withholding & the rates of other states you choose to spend time in is a great start.

The second big surprise in tax year 2020 affected people who had never received unemployment benefits in their lives - only to find out that unemployment compensation is taxable for federal purposes including money received under the Federal Pandemic Unemployment Compensation (FPUC) program.  In brief, millions of workers had thousands of dollars per family in income tax liabilities on their unemployment benefits.

New Jersey allowed people to voluntarily have 10% of their unemployment benefit withheld & sent to the IRS so @ least there was a warning of what was to come for people in NJ.  But California did not withhold taxes on the enhanced federal $600 supplemental benefits made through the FPUC so many Californians were unsuspecting of the income tax liability on their unemployment benefits.

The IRS started accepting income tax returns on February 12 with most early filers expecting a refund, as usual, figuring it made no sense letting the government hold their money interest free any longer than the beginning of the year.  Do you see something wrong with this reasoning?  

The income taxes due on the unemployment benefits cut into that refund so on March 11, 2021 the American Rescue Plan was enacted that retroactively  included a new exclusion of up to $10,200 of unemployment compensation, per recipient, in households whose adjusted gross income was less than $150,000 in tax year 2020.  It wasn't until March 23 that the IRS released guidance for those affected who had already filed 2020 returns & for those who haven't - a combination that includes 40 million affected Americans.  By the beginning of March the IRS already had received 45 million income tax returns, many of which would be affected by the new law exempting some unemployment benefits from taxation.

The government is so anxious to send people money that the IRS has told affected tax filers, who had already filed, not to prepare amended returns but rather the IRS would calculate the amount due & send out the checks.  In any event everyone will be made whole one way or the other in this regard.  

A $10,200 unemployment tax exemption in 2020 amounts to every recipient of the $600 per week unemployment compensation, in a household that totals a cumulative income of $150,000 per year, or less, receiving the top $600 per week benefit for 17 weeks tax free.  Since many people received more income from unemployment compensation (both regular state unemployment compensation like $1,234 per week in Massachusetts plus the $600 per week federal supplement) than they did working & paying both income & payroll taxes on their incomes it is not surprising that many firms & small businesses have had trouble hiring people.  The tax exemption described above only exacerbates the problem. 

The third big surprise came on March 27, 2020 when Congress passed & Trump signed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, & Economic Security Act (CARES Act) that temporarily waived required minimum distributions (RMDs) in 2020 for anyone with an RMD due in 2020 (the Secure Act of 2019 had already changed the starting age for RMDs to 72) including IRA beneficiaries taking single life expectancy payout distributions, & IRA holders who had turned 70 & a half in 2019 & had until April 1, 2020 to take their RMD for tax year 2019.  Talk about good timing.

Congress included this RMD waiver in the CARES Act because 2020 RMDs are based on the fair market value of an IRA on December 31, 2019 when the DJIA was 28,462 (S&P 3,221).  The Dow had dropped to 22,552 (S&P 2,630) on the date the CARES Act was signed into law meaning that without enactment of the CARES Act many IRA holders would have been taking large taxable RMDs on a market value that no longer existed.

The complication involved taxpayers who had already taken their 2020 RMD before enactment of the CARES Act or who had submitted their income tax returns figuring in a 2020 RMD (realized or merely projected) & its tax liability for tax year 2020 & included this in making the first estimated tax payment for tax year 2020 - such people would have overpaid, & some substantially overpaid. 

The IRS ultimately altered their rules allowing early 2020 RMDs to be repaid, treating the repayment as a tax-free rollover not subject to the one rollover every 12 months rule.  The estimated tax payer who overpaid was on his own to recalculate the other three estimated tax payments making sure he did not underpay for the year or any other quarter, which would have drawn an underpayment of estimated tax penalty plus interest, even though he overpaid the first estimated tax payment.

These are the three big income tax surprises for tax year 2020 that I have come across..  Please let me know of any others that you are aware of.

All of the income tax surprises described above stem from the adoption in Amendment XVI of the Constitution of the income tax "from whatever source derived."  In this case the sources are assessments of state income taxes depending on where you live or work or where your employer is located, the federal government taxing unemployment insurance benefits, & the federal government deciding what portion, & when, your retirement savings will be taxed.

There is a better way & it is the FairTax.

Sunday, March 28, 2021

No Voter Remorse

On Thursday March 11 Biden made his first presidential prime time TV address to mark the one year anniversary of the Covid-19 pandemic in America.  The address also coincided with his signing into law the same day of the $1.9 trillion stimulus bill known as the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA), Biden's first legislative victory in office.

Almost half of this gigantic stimulus spending will go directly to the well publicized $1,400 per person direct deposits or checks ($8,400 for a family of two adults & four small children), $1,300 per child expanded child tax credits ($5,200 for this same family), bigger food-stamp payments, & $300 per week federal enhanced unemployment benefits in addition to regular state unemployment benefits.  And $350 billion payments will be made to states - the majority of which will go to Democrat states that have been financially irresponsible for decades meaning that states like Tennessee, Florida, Texas, & Georgia will bail out New York, New Jersey, Illinois, & California.  For instance, New York will receive more money from the bill than Florida despite New York having a smaller population than Florida - one of the consequences of the November election. 

The ARPA will also provide 14 weeks of paid sick, family, & medical leave through September, while reimbursing local governments for the cost of this leave, provide an additional $25 billion for rental relief & $5 billion to cover home energy & water costs for low income people, extend the federal eviction moratorium through September & allow people with federally guaranteed mortgages to apply for forbearance until September, provide $40 billion to ensure childcare providers can remain open & expand the childcare tax credit, provide an additional $15 billion to the Paycheck Protection Program in flexible, equitably distributed grants to small businesses to help them reopen & rebuild, & provide $20 billion to support public transit agencies to ensure that workers keep their jobs & routes are not cut from service.

All of this federal deficit spending - just when the economy is growing on its own.   Mitch McConnell said: "Our country is already set for a roaring recovery.  We are already on track to bounce back from this crisis.  That's not because of this bill.  It's because of our work last year."  

The graphic below shows the initial claims for unemployment benefits fell below the pre-pandemic record last week without this government stimulus - this will convert to GDP growth.  The ARPA stimulus bill contains measures that are less targeted than the two previous stimulus bills the past year & to make matters worse comes when the economy is already recovering.  In short, it is just a blanket giveaway to buy votes.  And of course the entire plan is unconstitutional. 


Biden & Harris went on a cross country victory tour marking the passing of the ARPA, billed as the "Help Is Here" campaign to proclaim the merits of the stimulus plan & to make sure that voters know who made this bailout money possible - the bill passed without one Republican vote in either the House or Senate & I fully expected this point would be driven home by Biden & Harris during the tour - & it was regardless of Biden's claims to be a unifier.  See Senate vote below.



The initial eight state tour started with Biden's visit to Pennsylvania on Tuesday March 16, while Harris & her husband visited California, Nevada & Colorado & Jill Biden visited New Jersey & New Hampshire.  The second gentlemen moved the message to New Mexico.  Biden & Harris wrapped up the week in Georgia.

Biden expects, & incidentally so do I, that the massive giveaway will be largely more popular with Republican voters around the country than it is with Republican elected officials.  The nation is already coming out of the economic pandemic doldrums strongly on its own capitalistic free enterprise merits but Biden is there to falsely tell people that it is his stimulus package that did the trick.  As the economy strengthens Biden will both take credit for it & count on watching his popularity grow thereby helping congressional Democrats win in the 2022 midterm elections.  A perfect setup for an unsuspecting poorly educated citizenry.   

Many people who have received the relief funds clearly recognized that they would one day run out of money but did not think that the government could face the same fate never realizing that the government gets its money from people & no matter how rich these people are they too will also sooner or later run out of money.   

Now the $1.9 trillion stimulus plan is just the start of the Democrats plans.  There is a $3 trillion infrastructure plan being developed that includes climate change initiatives, extending the newly created child tax credit, providing for universal pre kindergarten & tuition free community college, raising the minimum wage to @ least $15 per hour, & providing for universal child care & rental assistance.

These plans are pretty much set up because during the campaign Biden had proposed more than $3 trillion in tax increases over the next decade & there is evidence from polls, such as from Gallup, showing that people think businesses & wealthy people do not pay enough in taxes.  These polls do not indicate where these people think their employers get the money to hire them or if they would be willing to take a pay cut or be discharged if their employer took the money saved from their salaries to pay more in taxes.

To put Biden's spending binge into perspective:  in less than Biden's first hundred days in office he will have proposed $4.9 trillion in deficit spending.  The national debt from the start of the Republic to 2000 was $5.6 trillion.  Is anyone thinking about the significance of the national debt?  Or what the government's maximum claim on earned income should be?

But as long as people are receiving the Biden stimulus money they do not have any remorse about voting for Biden, even considering the following seemingly significant items during the campaign that have blindsided Biden voters:

1.  On the eve of the annual March for Life event (this year virtual) Biden signed a presidential memorandum that reversed restrictions on abortion access both foreign & domestic.  The new Biden policy rescinds the so-called Mexico City Policy (also known as the global gag rule) thereby allowing American tax dollars to be used for abortion businesses & promoters overseas.  Biden claims to be a practicing Catholic who until recently followed the Hyde Amendment, a legislative provision that barred the use of federal funds to pay for abortions with rare exceptions.  Many religious people were surprised by Biden's religious contradictions but really are fine with Biden's pro-abortion position as long as the stimulus money keeps flowing.

2.  Biden placed a 100 day halt on deporting illegal aliens including felons with final orders of removal in a direct violation of his oath to enforce the immigration laws of the U.S.  Shortly after his 12 noon inauguration on January 20 Biden sent a memo to Congress outlining a proposed comprehensive immigration bill (a form of amnesty) that includes an eight year path to citizenship for the 11 million immigrants in the U.S. who don't have legal status - thereby putting many of these people on a faster path to citizenship than those standing in line legally today.  Comprehensive immigration reform is of course the source of new Democrat voters that will keep the statists in power until everyone realizes what they have been throwing away.  

In the meantime, while we wait for many on the eight year citizenship path to come of voting age, Biden's policies have incentivized & attracted tens of thousands of people from Central America to come to our southwest border to pursue admission to the U.S. to take advantage of any or as many as possible of the 126 welfare programs identified by the Cato Institute.  Although the general procedure is to let the migrants in & bus or fly them to northern states like New Jersey & New York there has been a significant number of positive cases of Covid-19 discovered among the illegal border crossers.  So after a year of the government restricting American citizens from going to church, weddings, funerals, or visiting family members the Biden administration has allowed possibly Covid diseased people who are the poorest, least educated, lowest skilled people in the world into America in what Biden perceives as a permanent Democrat voting block - all of which will sooner or later be financed by taking away your life's savings through paying for one welfare program after another.

See photo below of Hondurans clashing with Guatemalan soldiers as a migrant caravan tries to cross into Vado Hondo, Guatemala on January 17,  three days before Biden's inauguration, on their way to the U.S. in what is the biggest surge of illegal migrants in twenty years, including a record number of unaccompanied minors.  Biden does not consider the type of scenes depicted in the below photo to be a crisis although the Federal Emergency Management Agency was sent to our southwest border.  Biden's election in & of itself incentivized these people to come to America, many of whom did not even know Biden's name, & most of whom were men in search of work such as picking lettuce & washing dishes.  Now ask yourself: do we really need more dishwashers?


3.  And of course there were the usual Democrat abuses & insults to the intelligence to the American people such as A) the $1,400 checks going to pedophiles & felons such as Boston Marathon bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev in his jail cell; B) $5 billion going to "Farmers of Color" to compensate for the alleged discrimination of the USDA & "to support activities @ the USDA that will supposedly root out systemic racism, provide technical & legal assistance to agriculture communities of color, & fund under resourced programs that will shape the future for farmers & communities of color" - source:  The Emergency Relief for Farmers of Color Act introduced by Reverend Raphael Warnock (D-GA), Cory Booker (D-NJ), Ben Ray Lujan (D-NM), & Debbie Stabenow (D-MI); C) millions of dollars going to lawless sanctuary cities; D) the welcoming back to America of people legally deported by Trump; & E) in the biggest abuse & insult of all - portraying the American Rescue Plan stimulus bill as a plan to combat the Covid-19 pandemic when so little of the proceeds go toward Covid relief as you can tell by reading the above.

From his first news conference last Thursday, painfully slow, protective, & well scripted, Biden feels he is on a winning path with American voters even saying @ one point he did not know whether there would even be a Republican Party in 2024 - & neither do I.

The GOP must do more than have their elected representatives or paid pundits come on TV to talk about radical socialism or what has escalated recently to talking about fascism citing Biden's large number of executive orders.  This won't & hasn't cut it.  We are long past this.  Long before Trump said in the 2020 State Of The Union address that "America will never be a socialist country" we were well more than halfway there already.  This is what the citizenry has become accustomed to & voted for more of in 2020 with no remorse.

It is very disheartening to see conservative commentators miss the point entirely as to what happened last November when they list the offenses Biden has committed on America & act like Biden's election was a mistake - laughing as if Trump is a shoo in in 2024 when in reality he has no chance @ all of being reelected after the way he conducted himself after losing a close election in which he offended virtually every voting group imaginable.  This attitude will play well to die hard Trump supporters but will not help @ all in returning America to excellence.

The majority of American voters want, & have signaled that they want by electing Biden, the government programs described hereinbefore & have no remorse whatsoever regarding the 2020 presidential election.  People who have not been affected by one iota by Covid 19 are lapping up the $1,400 stimulus checks, & the previous two, as if they deserved them.

In our lifetimes we have seen the descendancy of the Death Of Democracy stages (that every democracy in history has gone through before becoming a dictatorship): from learning in elementary school & junior high about the Founders' great courage & successful fight for liberty, to the resultant liberty to abundance stage of our heritage, & then more recently to our direct witnessing of the abundance to complacency stage & the complacency to apathy stage, & now the apathy to dependence stage as described in this post above.  

It could not be clearer.  The most powerful influence of any election is the destructive message that your vote can be bought by promising government programs that seemingly offer security & plenty of leisure time & freedom.

This destructive process of the majority always voting for the candidates who promise the most benefits from the public treasury will continue until it collapses of its own financial deadweight or enough citizens, who know better, spend themselves in the worthy cause of helping our country fight off the socialist onslaught that is on course to fully take over America.

The genesis of our problem is the socialist education system presented by government schools & human nature that is always looking for something free.  

Professor Friedman wrote in the Cato Policy Report, March/April 1999 - "Any institution will tend to express its own values & its own ideas.  Our public education system is a socialsit institution.  A socialist institution will teach socialist values, not principles of private enterprise."

Reversing the socialist bent in American education will take a dedicated effort from virtually all of us.  Otherwise the socialist slide will continue as sure & as natural as the entropy of the universe increases.

If you have children, grandchildren, nieces, hephews, or friends & neighbors who have bought into the socialist destruction of America through the "I deserve" or the "I am entitled" mentality ask to see their textbooks - I do with every person I meet who tells me they are a student.

Do not send children to schools that do not teach American values.  

A charter subscriber to this blog told me she has tutored her neighbors' children in American values while she supervises them, @ their parents request, after school.

This blog is written @ the suggestion of former South Carolina Senator Jim Demint & this month the posts will reach over 10,000 readers.  If you can't write your own blog for whatever reason pass these messages on if you see value in them.  Or comment - all comments are posted whether they agree or not with my points of view unless they use profanity.  Commenting is a good way to add to the discussion so that everyone learns starting with me.

But don't rely on me - I always leave one thing out of every post hoping someone will find it.

Before the first presidential debate last fall I suggested fourteen questions that should be answered by every citizen before being presented to our incumbent politicians or new candidates for office.  Once you are sure of the answers you are armed to make a positive contribution so that the electoral result of 2020 is a one off proposition.

Understanding the answers to these questions is the way to return America to the excellence of the liberty to abundance stage of our history that has the potential to benefit everyone in the world.  If we don't teach these principles to others the electoral margins of 2020 will not change.

I don't know of another way to turn this Biden/Harris electoral nightmare around.  But if you do, please do not hold back.  If you don't, I hope this post gave you some ideas of what to do to help.


Sunday, March 14, 2021

Bridge Crossing Quiz



Thanks to one of our A+ quiz takers for sending along the subject quiz.  I always hold my breath until the A+ originator lets me know if I got it right.

"Yes, exactly. . .well done" was his reply to my solution to his quiz.

Below is the subject quiz.  Please let me know how you work the problem.

I will post all correct answers or alternatively will send the solution privately to anyone who requests it.

Bridge Crossing Quiz

It is given that a bridge, like the one shown above, will collapse in 17 minutes.

Four people want to cross the bridge before it collapses.  It is night & there is only one flashlight that is necessary to guide them on any crossing.  Only two people can cross @ a time & the pair must walk @ the rate of the slower person's pace.

A takes 1 minute to cross.

B takes 2 minutes

C takes 5 minutes

D takes 10 minutes

How do these four people organize their crossing so that all cross the bridge in 17 minutes before it collapses?

Sunday, February 28, 2021

Government's Maximum Claim On Earned Income

"The additional $8 trillion in public debt taken on to try to substitute for the private economy will depress opportunities for generations." - Heather Mac Donald of the Manhattan Institute writing for the Hillsdale College publication Imprimis in June, 2020.

 click on photo to enlarge

This post is written to answer what I had hoped would be the second question asked to Biden & Trump during the 2020 presidential debates -  What is the maximum amount of a person's income anyone should ever have to pay to the federal government in taxes?

Over the years I have heard conservative media hosts ask this question to Democrat pundits but to no avail.  The Democrat pundits never once gave a number & the conservative hosts would rattle off a list of taxes they personally paid & asked if more was needed, fully knowing that it was as America became more & more socialist.

Scott Hodge, President of the Tax Foundation, did a calculation in 2014 to determine a definitive answer to how much taxation was required then to bring everyone to average - i.e., lift up the bottom quintiles by having the upper quintiles pay more.  You can follow the methodology I present below & update the calculation yourself.  

The calculation is a classic example of redistribution of wealth from the creators of wealth & value to fund people who participate in the 126 welfare programs that have been identified by the Cato Institute.

In gathering the data to perform the calculation Mr. Hodge found that the vast majority of Americans already receive more back from the government in spending than they pay in taxes, but that this already large redistribution from top earners ($1.5 trillion federal redistribution plus another $500 billion from state & local governments) still was far from bringing everyone in America to an average income.

The table below, independently prepared by James R. Hardigan & the great Duquesne economics professor Antony Davies, a few years earlier than the Hodge calculation, also shows (confirmed) that @ least the bottom 60% of income earners, on average, receive more in the form of tax credits & transfers from the federal government than they pay in taxes (income taxes to excise taxes) to the federal government.

click on table to enlarge

Yes, those in the middle class (third quintile) receive more in benefits than they pay in federal taxes each year.  This means a majority, just about a supermajority, have a personal interest in expanded government.  The more government spends the more they stand to receive.

The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) was the first in the twenty-first century to report this type of distribution of earnings, federal taxes, & federal transfers when in 2006 they issued a report showing that households in the middle class received $1.19 in government spending for every $1 they paid in federal taxes of all kinds, half of which spending benefited the bottom 60% of non-elderly households.

So three of three studies showed the bottom three income quintiles received more back from the government than they paid in federal taxes.

As indicated in the above table even those families in the fourth quintile pay only a modest 8% net, or effective tax rate, on average, meaning that taken all together 80% of the income earners in the country are not personally interested in tax reform because they don't pay any or much tax @ all but are interested in maintaining the government programs that they benefit from.  I have pointed out for years that this is the prime reason the FairTax cannot catch on & for that matter neither can any of the various versions of the flat income tax.

Mr. Hodge determined the average family annual market income for his study in 2012 was $81,600.  Similar to the above Hardigan & Davies table & CBO study, but not the exact numbers because the Hodge calculation was for a different year, Mr. Hodge found that families in the lowest quintile had an average annual market income of $9,560 & received $21,158 more in spending than they paid in federal taxes.  Accordingly, these families would need $50,882 more in federal transfers to raise their overall income to the $81,600 average.  This additional $50,882 would come from families who earned more than the market average. 

That middle quintile family had on average an annual market income of $56,885, & yes, this typical American middle class family received $7,376 more in spending than they paid in federal taxes.  These families would need an additional $17,339 in government transfer payments to bring them to average.

Now subtractions to incomes start with families in the fourth quintile - probably a lot of readers of this blog.  The average annual market income for families in this fourth quintile is $100,240 & these people pay $4,089 more in taxes than they receive in government spending so these families would need to pay an additional $14,551 to bring them down to average.  I hope this is becoming interesting to readers looking for equity.

Of course the biggest hit is to families in the top quintile - these families have an average annual market income of $311,400 & already pay $65,573 more in taxes than they receive in spending.  They would have to pay an additional 53%, or $164,227 in higher taxes to bring them down to the national average meaning they would pay federal taxes totaling $229,800 ($164,227 + $65,573) on their $311,400 average annual market income.

There are millions of families in each quintile & the actual Hodge calculation is based on the aggregates in each quintile.  The government would need to take an additional $2.4 trillion of the aggregate income every year of families in the top two quintiles to bring everyone to an average income.  This would bring the total amount of income redistributed from families in the top quintile to almost $4 trillion or 74% of their total income - the number the Democrat pundits do not want known.

The lesson clearly is that the government does not create wealth but redistributes it.  Accordingly, government spending does not stimulate the economy because it does not create resources.  By taking earnings from the person who works the government reduces their incentive to produce & they will produce less.  By giving to people who don't produce the government is providing them with an alternative source of income other than working & they too will produce less, until @ the point of the total redistribution on income, i.e., exact equality of income, there will be no income whatsoever.

Doesn't anyone other than Heather Mac Donald understand this?

Sunday, February 14, 2021

We're Outnumbered

The lesson to be relearned from the 2020 presidential election is that we're outnumbered.  

Joe Biden won the presidency in 2020 with 306 electoral votes to 232 for Trump - virtually the opposite of Trump's electoral college win over Hillary Clinton in 2016 - 304 to 227.

Biden received 81,284,778 votes nationally compared to Trump's 74,224,501.  If you subtract the popular vote totals in California & New York Biden was still ahead in the total from the other 48 states by 36,327 votes.  In 2016, the same analysis showed Trump winning the other 48 states by over 3 million votes so there was definitely a stronger anti-Trump movement this time in the other 48 states.

Turnout was a very high 66.2% of eligible voters & 61.7% of the voting age population.

Based on Biden's actions the first few weeks in office it appears that Bernie Sanders/AOC won the election - or @ the very least has an oversized position in the administration.

Biden signed 29 executive orders & actions the first three days he was in office (actually a little over 48 hours) that showed the socialist far left turn of the Democrat party.  Astonishingly, or rather as usual, the Republicans filed no legal challenges or offered any response to any of these missives.  Counting on the Republican party is a losing cause.

Too bad for those who had the best healthcare insurance in the world under retirement policies from the Port Authority of NY/NJ who told me they voted for Biden but warned him "to keep his hands off my healthcare insurance" - as if Biden would listen.  A call to deaf ears as we shall see.  

Now despite Biden's calls for unity in his inaugural address I don't expect any - & there hasn't been any.  Such calls could only antagonize the significant majority that he won.  I know it would antagonize me if I was on the side with 81 million votes - why would I want to compromise with the people my side just defeated in an election whose purpose was to decide which direction the country would go - capitalist, socialist, or communist?  The statists are taking the country you live in away from you & they are playing for keeps not planning to give it back.  You will live in their world not yours.

Since 2016, Republicans have lost the House, the Senate, the presidency & the two senate seats in both the former GOP strongholds of Georgia & Arizona.  Before the romantic delusion with American conservatism becomes worse, it is time to take a firm grip on reality & stop bellyaching that the presidency was stolen from Trump when not a shred of evidence that could be proven in over 50 open court cases shows that it was.  If stolen, why did Trump leave the White House on January 20?  Trump could not admit defeat & certainly didn't remain in the White House to fight like he asked his followers to do - whatever that fight term means.

The majority of people who voted for Biden could not stand Trump, in fact they loathed him, & just as important they were more interested in security than liberty, never understanding or caring that it is liberty that provides security.  They just ignorantly know they want security. 

These people knew that voting for Democrats meant they were taking a chance on politicians, who to one degree or another, had supported defunding the police, had agreed with establishing sanctuary cities & states that protect illegal immigrants from federal law enforcement, & had turned a blind eye to the night after night burning, looting, & destruction of innocent residencies & businesses in Portland, Seattle, Minneapolis, & Kenosha by Antifa & Black Lives Matter thugs.  There was no condemnation by the hostile anti-American media or any Democrat candidate, including Biden, for these violent acts so voting for a Democrat ticket was @ a minimum tacit approval of the aforementioned violent acts.

But is this what the 81 million Biden voters really signed up for all over America?

Probably not - giving them the benefit of the doubt.  But it is also fair to say that as long as the above destructive onslaught did not come to these 81 million Democrat voters' neighborhoods, & even if it did, not to their kitchen tables, they were willing to take a chance on Biden which meant getting rid of Trump.

Those 29 initial executive orders & actions (now 52 in the first 20 days) revealed Biden's real agenda - a tremendous lurch to the socialist left steeped in Green New Deal incentives & policies aimed @ making America weak by encouraging government dependence instead of the liberty that produces wealth & value.  When was the last time you heard a Democrat talk about liberty or creating wealth & value?  I can't remember it ever.

Within two hours of taking office, Biden, under pressure from environmentalists to take aggressive action, cancelled the Keystone XL pipeline permit thereby throwing 11,000 people out of work directly & 44,000 indirectly.  In addition, Biden also put a 60 day freeze on new leasing of fossil fuel production on federal land which the American Petroleum Institute estimates could cost 18,000 jobs in Colorado, 33,000 in Wyoming, & 62,000 in New Mexico by 2022 in the likely event that the 60 day pause becomes permanent.

Biden placed a 100 day halt on deporting illegal aliens including felons with final orders of removal in a direct violation of his oath to enforce the immigration laws of the U.S.  

Biden's Executive Order on Preventing & Combating Discrimination on the Basis of Gender Identity or Sexual Orientation required that biological boys (i.e., transgender females) who self identify as girls be allowed to compete on girls' sports teams whether they had sex reassignment surgery or not, thereby ending the dreams of many young women.  No comment from feminists.

Biden overturned Trump's travel ban on several Muslim majority countries where terrorism thrives & moved to extend a pause on student-loan payments only to have AOC raise the anti to cancel them entirely.  Under such policies it is only the chumps who paid back their student loans.

Shortly after his 12 noon inauguration Biden also sent a memo to Congress outlining a proposed comprehensive immigration bill (a form of amnesty) that includes an eight year path to citizenship for the 11 million immigrants in the U.S. who don't have legal status - thereby putting many of these people on a faster path to citizenship than those standing in line legally today.  Comprehensive immigration reform is of course the source of new Democrat voters that will keep the statists in power until everyone realizes what they have been throwing away.

Within hours of being sworn in Biden issued an executive order that abolished the 1776 Commision.  Click here to read the 1776 Commision Report that calls for a return to the unifying principles stated in the Declaration of Independence - a report that was condemned by the NY Times & the Washington Post.  Is Biden on your side abolishing such a Commision?  Your education return to excellence can start with the above report.

On the eve of the annual March for Life event (this year virtual) Biden signed a presidential memorandum that reversed restrictions on abortion access both foreign & domestic.  The new Biden policy rescinds the so-called Mexico City Policy (also known as the global gag rule) thereby allowing American tax dollars to be used for abortion businesses & promoters overseas.  Biden claims to be a practicing Catholic who until recently followed the Hyde Amendment, a legislative provision that barred the use of fedeal funds to pay for abortions with rare exceptions. 

Waiting in the wings is the socialist lure for free healthcare, high minimum wage paying jobs, & the general understanding that there will always be a government program to depend on for every eventuality millennials or generation Zers come across in life with of course the unspoken (& really never thought of) law that they will always have the freedoms they currently enjoy & mistakenly believe can be taken for granted.

Compare the above Biden policies that are being implemented with a pen & a phone (i.e., bypassing Congress) with Trump's list of accomplishments of appointing originalist judges & three Supreme Court Justices, promoting a pro economic growth tax cut that resulted in record, near record, & 50 year lows in black, Hispanic, & women's unemployment rates, cutting regulatory red tape that stymies productivity growth, reestablishing a strong national defense, recognizing the global threat posed by China, securing our borders, moving the American embassy in Israel to Jerusalem, brokering the Abraham Accords that have produced several months to date of normalized relations between Israel & both Bahrain & the UAE, respecting life in the mother's womb, & promoting religious liberty.

Biden's positions after taking office were no surprise - they were even predictable.  They really revealed his intentions all along although they were well hidden during the campaign while Trump's accomplishments over his four year term are a matter of record.

Trump's mistake was that he relied too much on the economy's performance for his reelection not realizing that youthful voters were not focusing on his above list of accomplishments & neither were older generations to some degree.  Generation Z is interested in mass shootings, racial equality, & immigration policy & treatment of immigrants.  Millennials are interested in healthcare, global warming/climate change, & mass shootings.  Generation X & older generations are interested in helathcare, terrorism/national security, & the national debt.
 
The graphic below shows that 50% of voters regarded healthcare related matters - 41% pandemic plus 9% healthcare - as their most important issue.

 click on graphic to enlarge

Trump's pandemic briefings in March & April, where he took the bait & argued with young female reporters day after day, hurt him with the 50% of the electorate who tuned in on TV to learn something about how to protect their health from the Wuhan coronavirus - not to see Trump let these reporters get under his skin & make a shambles of the entire briefing thereby leaving viewers & voters feeling helpless & abandoned.

Biden won this most important healthcare point 47% to 38% thereby putting him in a commanding position to win the presidency - all other things being equal.

Although seniors were very concerned with the Covid-19 issue Trump still won them over 52% to 47%.  This was however 2 percentage points less than he won this cohort in 2016 & as I will illustrate later in this post it was large enough that it could have cost him the election if this 2% was distributed in just the wrong manner in Arizona, Georgia, & Wisconsin - that's how close the election actually was.

It was widely thought among Republicans during the campaign that Trump would win 15% to 35% of the black vote - he won 12% (19% black men & 9% black women).

Likewise it was widely thought among Republicans that Trump would win a significant portion of the Hispanic vote - he won 32%.  An election expert I follow said in 2012 that a Republican needed 30% of the Hispanic vote or he could not win.  As the Hispanic portion of the electorate increased since 2012 the 30% figure could only be higher now so 32% was no real accomplishment & probably a negative for being able to win the presidency.

Trump lost Independents 41% to 54% & first time voters 32% to 64%.  Sixty percent of the electorate thought the country was going in the wrong direction & by a 58% to 42% margin people think the government should do more to solve problems thereby confirming the socialist trend in America.  By 68% to 32% people thought the federal government should increase spending on green or renewable energy.  The electorate was very or somewhat concerned about climate change by a 70% to 30% margin.  By a 60% to 40% margin the electorate thought that abortion should be legal in all or most cases & by 70% to 30% thought that Roe should stay as it is.  And in the ultimate insult 43% of the electorate thought the economy was excellent or good & 57% thought it was not so good or poor thereby reflecting the shutdowns by Democrat mayors & governors under the excuse of protecting people from the Wuhan coronavirus - right under Trump's nose.

The last post pointed out that young voters preferred Biden 61% to 36% & provided Biden's margin of victory in the crucial states of Michigan & Wisconsin. 

Starting in the early morning hours of November 4 Trump refuted the election results when I heard him say "frankly we did win" - a claim that turned out to be false in that Trump could never prove one such allegation or even win a case to give him a toehold to credibly proceed with legal challenges including many cases before judges he had appointed.    

Trump's lawyers (Rudy & Sid) presented one conspiracy theory after another on TV & social media but time after time would not bring these same charges to court knowing there are penalties for speaking falsely before judges - i.e., they feared losing their law licenses.  Trump's lawyers' supposed eye witnesses of fraud & irregularities & election experts repeatedly failed to produce evidence or testimony that could satisfy judges @ all levels - state, federal & the U.S. Supreme Court - & frequently drew sharp rebukes for the flimsiness of the claims from several judges, including Trump conservative appointees.  Have you seen any of these supposed eye witnesses on TV in the past two months?  They washed out.

But Trump set the stage for his post-election court appeals starting in July 2020 when one poll after another continuously & repeatedly showed Biden winning the presidency by large margins.  I believe Trump's internal polling showed him losing also, especially in the important swing states that Trump had won in 2016 by very narrow margins - & as the polls indicated eventually lost in 2020.

The stage had been set for Trump's loss as early as December, 2019 when a WSJ/NBC News poll showed that 34% of voters said they were certain to vote for Trump & 48% said they were certain to vote against him, leaving Trump no room for error eleven months before the election.  Eighteen percent reserved judgement until they knew who the Democrat nominee was.  Trump would have had to pick up 17% of this 18% to win.  The die  had been cast.

At one of his signature rallies in July Trump presented an out of character scenario in which he presented the possibility of him losing the election - he presented the excuse of losing because of voter fraud.  I remember, watching live, thinking to myself, if he knows all of these details of potential fraud why doesn't he do something about it now - months before the election?  This way he could win.

Trump's position was that he could only lose if his opposition cheated with mail in ballots not being counted properly or if the voting machines were programmed to change votes in Biden's favor.  These allegations ultimately centered on six states - Arizona, Nevada, Georgia, Wisconsin, Michigan, & Pennsylvania.  All states that Trump lost in 2020.

Students of the Constitution know that presidential electors are appointed as directed by each state's legislature.  Trump was on his firmest ground of protest when he claimed that governors & state judiciaries overruled state legislatures in extending legislative deadlines for receiving mail in ballots as well as the details regarding how ballots were filled out or received such as unverified signatures, improperly placed signatures on the ballot or envelope, as well as ballots received late or with no postmarks in violation of the legislative rules.

The accommodations made by election officials to get these mail in ballots counted, the great majority of which were in Biden's favor, show the poor quality of the voters who could not get their ballots in on time and filled out properly.  And in every one of these cases the courts sided with counting every ballot that could be found to ensure the will of the voters was tabulated making sure that no voter was disenfranchised.  This practice has a long history & precedent of not shutting out voters.  In short, judges rarely throw out ballots because of minor errors or defects.

Readers of this blog in New Jersey will recall the 2002 Senate race when Republican Douglas Forrester ran against Democrat incumbent Robert Torricelli who was forced to drop out 36 days before the November 2002 election due to an ethics probe & more importantly to Democrats because of poll numbers showing Torricelli losing.  The New Jersey state legislature had directed that each party would select their candidate no later than 51 days before the election so the Democrats were in clear violation of this legislation & it would have seemed that Forrester was in the driver's seat.  The Democrats nominated former 3-term senator Frank Lautenberg to replace Torricelli, Forrester sued, & the New Jersey Supreme Court said the people of New Jersey had a right to have a choice in selecting their senator in spite of the timeline in the legislation, invoking "the public interest", "the general intent of the election laws'', & "the two party system."  

Republicans insisted that under state law, it was too late for Garden State Democrats to strike Torricelli's name from the ballot & replace him with Lautenberg, who had retired from the Senate two years earlier.  But the state's top court disagreed, saying the need to give voters a genuine choice in November out weighed administrative deadlines set in election laws.

Despite having only a few weeks to campaign before the election Lautenberg won by 9.9% & today there is a train station in Secaucus, just outside of NYC, named for Lautenberg.  In this case the court certainly knew the will of the people & prevented someone from becoming a U.S. senator that the people of the state clearly did not want. 

Although the New Jersey Supreme Court did not follow the New Jersey legislation's strict time deadline in their decision they did respect, in their opinion, the voters' higher right under the Constitution to not have their vote denied or abridged by any state, in this case New Jersey.

Forrester filed a petition with the U.S. Supreme Court challenging the unanimous NJ Supreme Court decision based on the Democrats missing the legislative deadline for replacing Torricelli.  The U.S. Supreme Court refused to hear the case paving the way for Lautenberg's victory. 

The same principle follows here with Trump.  All of the decisions made against Trump's claims ensured that the votes were counted whenever they came in & when they eventually did come in & were counted Trump lost.  Five of the six states that Trump contested have Republican legislatures & none of them (all of which have standing) challenged counting votes over not counting votes because of legislative deadlines.  What legislator, looking to stay in office, would take another position?

The Wuhan coronavirus & its effect on the mail delivery played a role but I am disgusted when I think about the caliber of voters who could not ensure their ballots were received on time cancelling out the ballots of the majority of readers of this blog.

One of Trump's biggest claims of voter fraud that cost him the election involved the voting machine company Dominion Voting Systems & to a somewhat lesser degree Smartmatic USA Corporation.  

Trump's claim against Dominion was that it was a front for communists, specifically Venezuelans who followed the destructive ideas of the late dictator Hugo Chavez, & that it used software from Smartmatic that had a secret vote flipping algorithm that converted Trump votes into Biden votes.

On December 1 Dominion President & CEO John Poulos wrote an op-ed in the WSJ that received no rebuttal from Trump or his attorneys.

Mr. Poulos's op-ed pointed out that "third-party test labs, chosen by the bipartisan Election Assistance Commission & accredited by the National Institute of Standards & Technology, perform complete source-code reviews on every federally certified tabulation system," & that "postelection canvassing & auditing also exist to provide additional assurance of the vote totals' accuracy."  The op-ed went on to say that Dominion's work is highly regulated & certified.

Now this is only so many words.  But it still could have been challenged by Trump attorneys, but wasn't.

Larger to me, in the crucial Pennsylvania contest, was that Mr. Poulos pointed out that Philadelphia county & Allegheny county (Pittsburgh) didn't even use Dominion voting systems & that in the 14 Pennsylvania counties that did use Dominion systems Trump won 52.2% of the vote.

Again, Trump attorneys offered only general defamatory statements, rather than specific rebuttals regarding the Pennsylvania results.

As for the Georgia results that Trump contested, Mr. Poulos presented many safeguards there were in place such as bipartisan witnesses & a certified third party testing lab that audited a random sample of Dominion machines.

Although Trump claimed fraud regarding the Georgia November presidential election it was extremely odd to me that no one claimed fraud after the two senate run-off elections on January 5, that both Republican candidates lost, that were every bit as close, & almost as important to the future of the country as the presidential election, & used the same equipment, people, & procedures.  What was the difference between the presidential & runoff senate elections?

But the ultimate effect of fake news regarding the supposed fraud of the presidential election occurred when Smartmatic USA Corporation sued Fox News Media (FNC & FBN) seeking $2.7 billion for alleged defamatory on-air comments about Smartmatic's voting machine software following Trump's claims that the election had been stolen from him.  Specifically named in the suit were Rudy Giuliani, Sidney Powell, Lou Dobbs, Maria Bartiromo, & Jeanine Pirro.  The day after this story broke Lou Dobbs was fired by FBN making me think the allegations came a little too close to home ringing true.

Smartmatic barely participated in the U.S. 2020 presidential election providing technology services only to Los Angeles county.  Dominion was much more involved in the election than Smartmatic & jumped on the defamatory band wagon sending letters to FNC, Newsmax TV, & OANN asking the networks to preserve records of their election coverage as it relates to Dominion - in an obvious preview of a lawsuit.

Newsmax ran a clarification saying it found no evidence that Smartmatic used software that manipulated votes in the 2020 election but did not comment on Dominion.

This looks like a sloppy case of mistaken identity between Smartmatic & Dominion without a shred of legal evidence to implicate either company.

Trump also personally joined the Texas lawsuit that asked the U.S. Supreme Court to block Georgia, Michigan, Pennsylvania, & Wisconsin from casting electoral votes for Biden when members of the Electoral College met on December 14.  The lawsuit was supported by 17 other states & 106 members of Congress.

The Texas lawsuit claimed that the four states violated their own election laws while processing mail in ballots similar to claims detailed hereinbefore.

The U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear the case which would have voided over 20 million votes if the Justices ruled in Trump's favor.

Please note that in a technical point that concerns the Court's case management Justices Alito & Thomas said they would have taken the case as a "bill of complaint."  They did not vote on the merits of the Texas claims.  There was no 7 to 2 decision in favor of Biden.

To this day Trump claims to not have lost the 2020 presidential election - this position will only get the country into deeper trouble like the two Georgia senate candidates found out.  They ran under the burden of looking like they supported Trump's false claims thereby bringing out every anti-Trumper that could be rounded up to vote against them.

In a biting irony for Trump, Georgia has launched a criminal investigation into possible election fraud - but the investigation concerns the efforts by Trump & his supporters to overturn the results of the Fulton County election.  Couple this with investigations into Trump's income tax returns in Manhattan & possible criminal lawsuits regarding Trump's involvement in the riot @ the Capitol & there is nothing but trouble ahead.  There is also a Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment card regarding disqualification of Trump from holding office that the Democrats have talked about playing. 

It is way past time for everyone who did not support Biden to move on from complaining about the 2020 presidential election & start educating people about the miseries of socialism that Biden is bringing to America double time - a government dependent system of false security that the majority of voters have been brainwashed into mistakenly preferring.  We're outnumbered & the only way to change that is for the citizenry to understand the benefits of America returning to her founding principles of limited government, personal responsibility, & free enterprise.  The burden for doing this lies with those who know better.   

The 2016 presidential election was extremely close with Trump exceeding the needed 270 electoral votes by winning Pennsylvania, Michigan, & Wisconsin by a combined total of 77,736 votes thereby setting up the potential for a Biden win in 2020.

But the 2020 presidential election was even closer with Biden exceeding the needed 270 electoral votes by winning Arizona, Georgia, & Wisconsin by a combined total of 42,918 votes.

If Trump had won these three closely contested states both Biden & Trump would have each had 269 electoral votes. 

Readers of this blog who are students of the Constitution know what would have happened, in this event, to Biden & Trump as well as to Harris & Pence.

Sunday, January 31, 2021

ACTA Report Helps Explain Presidential Election Results




Earlier this fall the American Council of Trustees & Alumni (ACTA) released the 12th edition of their invaluable annual report entitled What Will They Learn? in which they review core cirricula @ over 1,100 four-year public & private institutions in America.

For someone getting ready to select a college there is no better place to start than this ACTA report.  ACTA recently wrote to me that they are "the only organization that works directly with university trustees, alumni, lawmakers, faculty, & students - providing them with the tools needed to solve the serious threats that are facing higher education. Threats like the ongoing assaults on free expression on campus, steadily declining academic standards, & an unsustainable rise in the cost of college education.  We provide college leaders with the unvarnished information & resources they need to be effective & efficient, ensuring that the money that students, families, & taxpayers pay for higher education truly prepares them for engaged & informed citizenship & a rewarding career.  And, @ an affordable price."

The search for the right college can be overwhelming & many students & parents can be fooled by college reputations.  For example, ACTA grades  Harvard "D" with an annual tuition of $51,925 & Johns Hopkins "F" with an annual tuition of $55,350 - compared to the 23 schools on the ACTA  "A" list with annual tuitions from $6,456 for Kennesaw State University all the way up to $55,892 for Pepperdine.  So parents & students - make sure you know what you are paying for because employers do know, or will find out shortly after hiring you, what you learned that is useful in growing a business.

The ACTA report focuses solely on classroom achievement regarding what the schools teach while other college evaluators focus on way less meaningful topics.  

For instance , the U.S. News & World Report survey's top rankings concentrate on how selective a school is.  The WSJ/Times Higher Education College Rankings annual report is 40% based on the salary graduates earn & the debt burden they take on, 30% weighting for the spending schools put into instruction & student services, 20% weighting of student interaction with faculty & other students, & 10% assesses the diversity of the university community.

The above criteria don't tell you what matters most: what students are learning.  What Will They Learn? is a resource that does tell you exactly what the schools are teaching & what graduates have learned.  ACTA actually grades the schools.

By the WSJ's measure Harvard is the top school in America but is graded "D" by ACTA.  My friend Anne Neal, past president of ACTA & a Harvard alumni, used to tell me you could be an English major @ Harvard & graduate without ever reading one play by William Shakespeare.  Doesn't sound too rigorous does it?

Now I was only interested in learning engineering & putting my knowledge to work for gainful employment which of course depended on how much I could contribute to the growth of my employer's business.  Capitalism, after graduating from a school known by employers to produce positive results, makes it simple.  Pursuing your career otherwise is most likely building on bamboo shoots in a swamp instead of bedrock.

But the major college rankings systems are unconcerned with what schools are teaching & whether students are learning anything of value. 

Just look @ the following graphic & see if it resembles your own everyday experience.  So many people have told me recently that calling a bank, a doctor's office, or restaurant for take out, let alone a government office, has left them cold & dissatisfied in that the person they talked to representing the bank, doctor's office, restaurant, or government office, seemed disinterested, not engaged in the conversation, or actually gave out wrong information - if they answered the phone @ all.  In short these people exhibited many of the skills gaps shown on the graphic below - especially not being able to communicate effectively orally.  When an 80% effective oral communication (really should be 100%) is listed as a very important quality & only 40% of the time it is experienced something is wrong.
—Challenge Success, Stanford Univers
WS, MoneyW


And that something that is wrong is the poor education system in America.  Neal Boortz said "Government schools & teachers' unions are more dangerous to America's future than al Qaeda ever was."

Professor Friedman wrote in the Cato Policy Report, March/April 1999 that "any institution will tend to express its own values & its own ideas.  Our public education system is a socialsit institution.  A socialist institution will teach socialsit values, not principles of private enterprise."

Hillsdale College reports that for decades far too many American K-12 schools have failed to provide young people with a solid grounding in American civics - the study of American history, government, & economics & that this failure has contributed to the attraction so many young people today feel for socialism.

In turn, American colleges & universities are now hotbeds of progressive & "politically correct" ideology, including socialism, to the point that nearly half of younger Americans would "prefer living in a socialist country than a capitalistic one."  The word "socialism" does not carry the stigma that it did in the past thanks to celebrity politicians like AOC.  Much of America's youth ignorantly think the term refers to FaceBook or Twitter. 

The above phenomenon was vividly demonstrated in the recent presidential election in that young voters backed Biden over Trump 61% to 36% - source AP VoteCast.  All other things being equal this virtually handed Biden the presidency.

In Washington County, Michigan - home of the University of Michigan - Biden received 23,000 more votes than Hillary got in 2016.  Michigan State's home county provided 20,000 more votes for Biden.  This 43,000 additional youth votes for lackluster Biden was over four times the amount that Trump won Michigan by in 2016 thereby attributing a very significant portion of Biden's win in Michigan to people 18 to 29 years old.

A similar story is told in Wisconsin where Dane County, home of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, produced nearly 35,000 more votes for Biden than Hillary received in 2016.  Trump won Wisconsin in 2016 by less than 23,000 votes.

For a quarter of a century or more WI, MI, & PA have been tempting targets that looked in reach for Republicans only to fall short except in 2016 when Trump won all three by a combined total of less than 80,000 votes - thereby showing Trump's vulnerability regarding reelection in 2020.

Republicans were hoping for a split between Biden supporters & the Bernie/AOC/Warren hard socialist faction of the Democrat party - but the hatred of these people for Trump made them vote for Biden, who ran the most pitiful campaign in electoral history.

The above partial analysis of the 2020 presidential election results, as it relates to the successful indoctrination of America's youth (18 to 29) toward socialism, is in lockstep with the parents of K-12 students who don't want their children exposed to the Wuhan coronavirus.  These parents prefer that their children go to school online knowing they are not keeping up academically.  Several studies have shown that in the eleven months since the Wuhan coronavirus struck that K-12 students have fallen about 5 months behind what was already a poor learning system.  Parents of such students are concerned only about their children not contracting Covid- 19, without feeling any responsibility about how they could ensure their children kept up with their education - which is not even an afterthought as American students fall further & further behind students in the rest of the world.

This topic will be resumed in the next post, when a complete presidential election analysis will be presented.